Short Confinement of Satguru Hargobind Sahib at Gwalior.
While writing the detailed introduction of "Bansawalinama",Prof. Piara Singh Padam has Rightfully stated that" Sade Pass Itani Than Nahin ke Har Sammat Bare Lammi Bahes Cherhae, Par Sadi Ih Dharna Ban Gai Hai Ki Chhibber de Bahute Sammat Kaafi Parmanaat Han--"Meaning of this is that we donot have enough space so that we can discuss each and every year given by Chhibber,but we have developed a safe view that the years given by Chhibber is almost correct and tally with some of the other histotrians.He( Prof. Piara Singh Padam) is absolutely right in saying so.
While writing about the birth of Satguru Hargobind, Bhat Vahi Multani Sindhi confirms that Satguru Hargobind Sahib was born in Samvat 1647 corresponding to 1590 A.D.which is absolutely correct.
" Badhai Li Sri Guru Har Gobind Ji Ki, Beta Guru Arjan Ji , Mahal Panchwan Ka,Pota Guru Ram Das Ji Ka, Sammat Solan Sae Santalis, Maas asadh---" Bhat Vahi Multani Sindhi written by Kirat Bhat.
" Mehma Prakash" of Sarup Das Bhalla also confirms the same date.Third historian is Bhai Kesar Singh Chhibber, who gives the year of birth of Satguru as follows---"Sahib Guru Har Gobind Ji, Jammen Wadali, Sammat Solan Sau Gai Santatli" (Chevan Charan).Similarly, the historians are of different opinions regarding Satguru's confinement at the Fort of Gwalior.After the thoroughly scrutinizing books for the last 31 years since the last of 1978 under the valuable guidance of Prof. Baljit Singh Grewal"sayyad" of Govt. College, Ludhiana and later on Dr. Ganda Singh and Prof. Sukhdev Singh Sekhon, Head Librarian, Mahindra College, Patiala(Father Sahib as we call him out of respect), I have been able to find the reality of the confinement of the Almighty Satguru. Almighty Satguru has kept His graceful hand on my head always.With God's grace, I have been able to draw safe conclusion, beyond doubt. I fully agree with Forester that it was a short confinement, because, he checked the Mughal Records with the help of his friend W.francklin, who was at the court of Shah Alum-II, before Major Browns was the representative of East India Company at the Mughal Court.The main man who helped George Forester in tracing out the Mughal Record was Dharam Singh, who was a muslim named Zabita Khan ,and he became a Sikh later on. Forester made a mention of Durm Sing, on the page no.282 of his Book" A Journy From Bengal To England"(1798).Great- Great-grand-father of Dharam Singh(Zabita Khan) was present in the court of Jahangir in 1619.His name was Shah-Nawaz( reference PP 88 of Vol-II of Tuzuk-I- Jahagiri,published by Munshi Ram Manohar Lal, New Delhi,2003). He was promoted to the post of personal security guard of Jahagir.The same W. Francklin went to Panipat in 1793-1794 and met Sardar Jassa Singh Ramgarhia who gave him( W. Francklin) the list of misles army, who helped Emperor Shah Alum-II.(reference PP75 of "The History of the Reign of Shah Alum, the present emperor of Hindostaun. by W. Francklin, printed by Cooper and Graham, London, 1798
The hard work done by Bhai Kesar Singh Chhibber needs our attention and our recognition too. Page No. 93 starts this Exercise" Hathon Sahib Hoi Ked,Gulier(Gwalior)Charhai.-----Nur Jahan Begam Khawand No Kahiya --" "Fakir Jat hai Sain Di------Fakir Di Mari Koi Nahin Hatai---" Nurjahan was Jahangir's chief advisor. On her suggestion and the intervention of Sain Mian Mir and due to his personal disease of urine,he decided to revert his original order of 12 years confinement.
After twenty one days Bhai Bidi Chand and one other sikh requested to Satguru Har Gobind Sahib like this-------"Din Ikis Jad Sahib Guzarai, Tab Dono sikh Hath Jorh Pukarai, Grib Nawaz Turne Di Hai Ki Nahin Salah--".Finally. Satguru Har Gobind Sahib agree with the Sikh's request.All of a sudden the urine of the king stopped and he felt too much pain.Please note that this trouble of urine started some times before 1619. " Ik Sikh Banio Hakim So Kukda Phre, Daru Hai Sabh Rog Da---" One of the courtier asked the sikh if he would treat the Emperor? The Sikh agreed. He gave the dose which worked 50 percent.That Sikh remained at the court of Jahangir, this means 21+4=25 went to Satguru'confinement. Jahngir requsted the Sikh do some thing to work cent percent. The sikh said the medicine can only works with the grace of Khuda."Fakir Di Mari Mujh te Changi Na Hove, Khudai Di Mari Fakir Morh Khalove"."Tab Bandikhana Bhaya Khlas---"The whole process took 46 days from the begining.
According "Guru Kian Sakhian", written by Bhai Sarup Singh Kaushish in 1790.The exact year of Satguru's release from the fort is---"Guru Har Gobind Ji, Mahal Chhatta,Beta Guru Arjan Ka, Sodhi Khatri, Chak Guru Ka----Sammat Solan Sae Chhiatra, Katak-----Garh Gwalior Se Bandhan Mukat Huai( Bhat Vahi Jado Bansian, Bartian Ki). This Vahi Further conveys that Satguru Stayed at the residence of Warden Hari Das for one day.After completing the distance, they reached Agra.According to " Bansawlinama", they hade a meeting with Jahangir ,"Sahib Rubru Shah De Aae.According to "Guru Kian Sakhian", Satguru came to Kalanaur. Jahangir's visit to Kalanaur has been confirmed by " Tuzuk-I- Jahangiri, page No. 115 of Vol-II.The Emperor was in Kalanaur in 1619 A.D.The Emperor Jahangir had a Meeting with Sain Mian Mir.Page No.119 of Tuzuk-I-Jahagiri confirmed this meeting.Hence. we agree with George Forester and Bhai Kedar Singh Chibber that definitely, the confinement was of just for 46 days from September 15,1619 to October 30, 1619.
(1)--Bansawalinama,Dasan Patshahian ka, by Bhai Kesar Singh Chhibber, published by, Singh Brothyers, Amritsar,2005.
(2)--Guru Kian Sakhian, By Bhai Sarup Singh Kaushish(1790), edited by Prof. Piara Singh Padam,published by Singh Brothers, Amritsar,2003.
(3)--The History of the Reign of Shah-Aulum,The Present Emperor Of Hindustan,By W. Francklin, published by,Cooper And Graham, London,1798.
(4)--A Journey From Bengal To England, By George Forester,Vol-I, Published by, New-Bond Street, London, 1798.
(5)--The Tuzuk-I-Jahangiri,translated into English,by Alexander Rogers and Henry Beveridge, published by Munshi Ram Manohar Lal, Publishers Pvt. Ltd.New Delhi,2003.
Copy Right by Bhai Harpal Singh Kasur, 2009.