They Speak in Persian
The disscussion between Guru Nanak Sahib Ji and Martin Luther (Martin Luther King of African --American descent is different) took place on the mountain of Ypsario (Za-ree) in 1520 in Ilahi Noor building. Salim 1 (King) of Ottoman Emprire(who met Almighty Satguru in Istanbul for the first time) accomponied the Satguru within Greece. Greece was under the empire of Turkey (note: Greece was conqured by the Ottoman empire in 15th century and it became free in 1832) The discussion took place in Persian, as Martin Luther knows Persian. On this mountain, the worthy Guru, described his theory of a saint solider. How a saint is made and how a solider is made? Later on, the Guru gave his theory on life after death. (The theory he expressed physically/practically in Baghdad, Iraq that can be found under photos). The Guru ordered Bhai Mardana Ji, to set the rabab (also known as reboce:musical intrument) on Ghar No. 4 (clapping;relation to Tabla)and played on the Rag Assa.(singing).There is a shabad based on this, which is included in the Guru Granth Sahib; page 358.
Shabad : Assa Ghar 4 Moh. 1
Ek Onkar Sat Gurparsad
Devtian Darshan Kai Taen......page 358 of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Martin Luther came from Bulgaria. The Almighty Guru and his companion Mardana Ji came from Istanbul, Turkey by boat via Xanthi(Greece).They visited mount Olympus,Trikkala Lamia,Athens, Messolinghi,Arta, Grevana and finally went to the city of Kastoria and then left Greece for Albania. The Caliph (a title given to him after the conquer of Mecca and Madina in Saudia Arabia). Salim 1, returned from this city. About four months later, in the year 1520, he died of separtion from the worthy Satguru. His son took over the throne. They went to Albania.Martin Luther went to Yugoslavia. They travelled by horse-cart (yakka). They took Velore seaport for their onward journey en route to Rome via Leece, Otranto, Naples cities and etc. They happened to come across another passenger named Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543), who returned from Alexandria library in Eygpt. He visited some libraries in Athens also and came to Velore. Copernicus went to Alexandria library to study Aristototle(astronomer) theory of heavenly bodies. The Almighty Guru knew that this gentlemen also knew how to speak Persian. He ordered Bhai Mardana Ji to set the rabab in second ghar and started reciting.
Shabad : Sri Rag Ghar 2 Moh. 1
Mukam Kar Ghar.... page 64 of the Sri Guru Granth Shahib Ji
In this shabad, the Almighty Guru has described the status of God and the status of a human being. He told the world that God is but one and his status is permanent and also that everything in this universe is transitory and temporary. During the day, the sun revolves around its centre, and the moon is running after the earth. (In scientific terms, it has proven that the earth orbits around the sun; where as the moon revolves around the earth. The Earth revolves around the Sun for 365 1/4 days). Copernicus explained that the Guru was absolutely right. Copernicus explained to the Christians about the theory, but nobody believed it. Another astronomer, Galileo Galilee (1564-1642) also proved the same theory in Italy, but had to apologies before the Roman Empire because it was against the principles of the Christian Bible. The Christians believed that the Sun revolved around the earth. In 1997, the pope said that wrong was done to Galileo, which made the theory correct.
In Rome, the Almighty Guru and his companions met Leo X (tenth), who was the catholic Pope at that time (1475-1521). He was made Pope from the Cardinal group (a level of class that appoints the Pope) in 1513 and held the same post till his death. His meeting with the Almighty Satguru is described by Martin Luther in two books. One book is written in Italian and the other is written in German. Leo X accompanied them up to Bari seaport and they left for Albania. They ended up their sea journey to the city of Durres and then reached Kukes of Albania. They reached the town of Pristina and Nis in Serbia by horse cart. From there, they reached Bucharest via Craiova in Romania. After Bucharest, they reached Varna, then to Burgas in B and then reached Samsung Sea-Port of Turkey.From there both Bhai Sahib Mardana Ji and Almighty Satguru Nanak Sahib reached Batumi and Tbilisi, Georgia by boat on the Black Sea. From there they reached Armenia in Yerevan then to Aizerbyzan in Bakhu, then to Persia which is called Iran. The great Guru visited Tehran and Mashhad. From Mashhad the Guru entered Turkmanistan. From Ashkhabad the great Guru and Bhai MardanaJi reached Uzbekistan. They visited Bukhara, Samarkand, and then via Turkmanistan they reached Afghanistan. They visited Kabul. Ghazni etc. Then to Peshawar and finally to Sri Kartarpur Sahib(Punjab).This was the Journey of the Almighty Satguru Nanak and Bhai Mardana Ji in the west beyond Turkey up to Sri Kartarpur Sahib.
1.Travels Of Guru Nanak written by Surinder Singh Kohli.
2.Travels Of Guru Nanak-The Atlas by Dr. Fauja Singh and others Consulted in Toronto Reference Library.
3.Thomas Fisher Library For Rare Books U/F/T
4 Robarts Library U/F/T
6.St.Michael Library For Renaissance period U/F/T
7.North York Central Library,Toronto
10.Gumat Martand written By Giani Lal Singh Sangrur Published by Lahore,Book,Shop,Lahore. 1941.
11.Sikh Itihas De Somey by Sohan Singh Seetal published by Lahore Book Shop, Ludhiana,1981.
Copy Right 2008 Harpal Singh Kasoor.